Stages of Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)

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How RCC starts and spreads

Cancer cells are abnormal versions of healthy cells. They grow in many ways like these normal cells but do so at abnormal rates with irregular shapes.

Here is how these cells grow and spread:

  • A single RCC cell grows and divides to form 2 cells. These 2 cells form 4. This process repeats, again and again
  • Unlike healthy cells, cancer cells do not respond to your body’s cues telling them to stop growing
  • A Tumor (TOO-mor)A mass of cancer cells. tumor can be detected once enough cancer cells are made
  • Some cancer cells may enter the bloodstream, spreading from the KidneyOne of a pair of organs that removes waste products from the blood. In the process, they make urine to help carry waste out of the body. One is on the left side of the abdomen. The other is on the right side. kidney to other parts of the body
  • New tumors may arise in other organs. If this happens, the cancer is known as Metastasis (muh-TAHS-tuh-sis)The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another through the lymphatic system or bloodstream. metastatic. But no matter where the cancer spreads, it will still be called RCC, because it started in the kidney

RCC starts in the kidney. It can start as one or more tumors in a single kidney. Less often, tumors form in both kidneys at the same time.

How doctors measure RCC

There are 4 stages of RCC. To determine the cancer’s stage, doctors will measure the tumor size. If you don’t know the size or stage of your tumor, ask your doctor. The images below are examples of different tumor sizes.

STAGE

DEFINITION

Stage I

Tumor is found only in the kidney and is 7 centimeters or smaller.

Stage II

Tumor is found only in the kidney and is larger than 7 centimeters.

Stage III

Cancer may be found in the kidney, one nearby Lymph nodeLocated throughout the body, lymph nodes filter lymph fluid. They store special cells that can trap cancer cells or bacteria that are traveling through the body in the lymph. lymph node, an Adrenal glandOne of a pair of small glands; one sits on top of each kidney. The adrenal glands produce hormones that help control heart rate, blood pressure, the way the body uses food, and other vital functions. adrenal gland, the tissue around the kidney, or the main blood vessels of the kidneys.

Stage IV

Cancer has spread beyond the kidney and may be found in multiple nearby lymph nodes or other organs, such as the intestines, PancreasA 6-inch long organ that stretches across the back of the abdomen. It makes pancreatic juices, which help digest food in the small intestine. The pancreas also makes insulin, which controls the amount of sugar in the blood. pancreas, or lungs.

Recurrent RCC

Recurrent RCC is cancer that has returned after it has been treated—coming back in the kidney and/or in other parts of the body after the first treatment.

 

On the next page, learn about the various treatments available to people with RCC. Ask your doctor why he or she chose SUTENT for your treatment.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

SUTENT can cause serious liver problems, including death.

Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop any of the following signs and symptoms of liver problems during treatment with SUTENT:

  • Itching
  • Yellow eyes or skin
  • Dark urine
  • Pain or discomfort in the right upper stomach area

Your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check your liver function before you start taking SUTENT and during treatment.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding:

  • SUTENT may harm an unborn baby. You should not become pregnant while taking SUTENT. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant while taking SUTENT
  • Do not breastfeed while taking SUTENT

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription medicines and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Using SUTENT with certain other medicines can cause serious side effects. You may have an increased risk of severe jaw bone problems (osteonecrosis) if you take SUTENT and a bisphosphonate medicine (Actonel, Aredia, Boniva, Didronel, Fosamax, Reclast, Skelid, or Zometa). Talk with your healthcare provider before starting any new medicines.

Tell all of your healthcare providers and dentists that you are taking SUTENT. They should talk to the healthcare provider who prescribed SUTENT for you, before you have any surgery, or medical or dental procedure.

SUTENT may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Serious liver problems, including death
  • Heart problems—Heart problems may include heart failure and heart muscle problems (cardiomyopathy) that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider if you feel very tired, are short of breath, or have swollen feet and ankles
  • Abnormal heart rhythm changes—Your healthcare provider may do electrocardiograms and blood tests to watch for these problems during your treatment with SUTENT. Tell your healthcare provider if you feel dizzy, faint, or have abnormal heartbeats
  • High blood pressure—Your healthcare provider may check your blood pressure during treatment with SUTENT. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medicine for you to treat high blood pressure, if needed
  • Bleeding sometimes leading to death—Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms or a serious bleeding problem:
    • Painful, swollen stomach (abdomen)
    • Bloody urine
    • Vomiting blood
    • Headache or change in your mental status
    • Black, sticky stools
    Your healthcare provider can tell you other symptoms to watch for.
  • Jaw-bone problems (osteonecrosis)—Severe jaw bone problems may happen. Your healthcare provider should examine your mouth before you start SUTENT. Your healthcare provider may tell you to see your dentist before you start SUTENT
  • Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)—TLS is caused by the fast breakdown of cancer cells and may lead to death. TLS may cause you to have nausea, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, clouding of urine and tiredness associated with abnormal laboratory test results (high potassium, uric acid and phosphorus levels and low calcium levels in the blood) that can lead to changes in kidney function and acute kidney failure. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check you for TLS
  • Protein in your urine—Your healthcare provider will check you for this problem. If there is too much protein in your urine, your healthcare provider may tell you to stop taking SUTENT
  • Serious skin and mouth reactions—SUTENT can cause serious skin reactions that can cause death. This can include rash, widespread blistering or peeling of the skin and blistering and peeling on the inside of your mouth. If you develop a rash or these skin symptoms, tell your healthcare provider immediately. Your healthcare provider may tell you to stop taking SUTENT
  • Hormone problems, including thyroid and adrenal gland problems—Your healthcare provider may do tests to check your thyroid and adrenal gland function during SUTENT treatment. Tell your doctor if you have any of the following signs and symptoms:
    • Tiredness that worsens and does not go away
    • Fast heart rate
    • Loss of appetite
    • Weight gain or weight loss
    • Heat intolerance
    • Feeling depressed
    • Feeling nervous or agitated, tremors
    • Irregular menstrual periods or no menstrual periods
    • Sweating
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Hair loss
    • Diarrhea

Common side effects of SUTENT include:

  • The medicine in SUTENT is yellow, and it may make your skin look yellow. Your skin and hair may get lighter in color
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, mouth sores, upset stomach, abdominal pain, and constipation. Talk with your healthcare provider about ways to handle these problems
  • Rash or other skin changes, including drier, thicker, or cracking skin
  • Blisters or a rash on the palms of your hands and soles of your feet
  • Taste changes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain or swelling in your arms or legs
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bleeding, such as nosebleeds or bleeding from cuts

Call your healthcare provider if you have any swelling or bleeding during treatment with SUTENT.

INDICATIONS

SUTENT is used to treat advanced kidney cancer (advanced renal cell carcinoma or RCC).

*SUTENT is used to treat GIST (gastrointestinal stromal tumor). This is a rare cancer of the stomach, bowel, or esophagus. SUTENT is used when the medicine Gleevec® (imatinib mesylate) did not stop the cancer from growing, or when you cannot take Gleevec.

SUTENT is used to treat a type of pancreatic cancer known as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pancreatic NET), that has progressed and cannot be treated with surgery.

Gleevec is a registered trademark of Novartis AG.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit http://www.fda.gov/medwatch, or
call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Please see patient Medication Guide and full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning regarding serious liver problems.

 

Scroll for Important Safety Information and Indication 

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

SUTENT can cause serious liver problems, including death.

Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop any of the following signs and symptoms of liver problems during treatment with SUTENT:

  • Itching
  • Yellow eyes or skin
  • Dark urine
  • Pain or discomfort in the right upper stomach area

Your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check your liver function before you start taking SUTENT and during treatment.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding:

  • SUTENT may harm an unborn baby. You should not become pregnant while taking SUTENT. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant while taking SUTENT
  • Do not breastfeed while taking SUTENT

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription medicines and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Using SUTENT with certain other medicines can cause serious side effects. You may have an increased risk of severe jaw bone problems (osteonecrosis) if you take SUTENT and a bisphosphonate medicine (Actonel, Aredia, Boniva, Didronel, Fosamax, Reclast, Skelid, or Zometa). Talk with your healthcare provider before starting any new medicines.

Tell all of your healthcare providers and dentists that you are taking SUTENT. They should talk to the healthcare provider who prescribed SUTENT for you, before you have any surgery, or medical or dental procedure.

SUTENT may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Serious liver problems, including death
  • Heart problems—Heart problems may include heart failure and heart muscle problems (cardiomyopathy) that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider if you feel very tired, are short of breath, or have swollen feet and ankles
  • Abnormal heart rhythm changes—Your healthcare provider may do electrocardiograms and blood tests to watch for these problems during your treatment with SUTENT. Tell your healthcare provider if you feel dizzy, faint, or have abnormal heartbeats
  • High blood pressure—Your healthcare provider may check your blood pressure during treatment with SUTENT. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medicine for you to treat high blood pressure, if needed
  • Bleeding sometimes leading to death—Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms or a serious bleeding problem:
    • Painful, swollen stomach (abdomen)
    • Bloody urine
    • Vomiting blood
    • Headache or change in your mental status
    • Black, sticky stools
    Your healthcare provider can tell you other symptoms to watch for.
  • Jaw-bone problems (osteonecrosis)—Severe jaw bone problems may happen. Your healthcare provider should examine your mouth before you start SUTENT. Your healthcare provider may tell you to see your dentist before you start SUTENT
  • Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)—TLS is caused by the fast breakdown of cancer cells and may lead to death. TLS may cause you to have nausea, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, clouding of urine and tiredness associated with abnormal laboratory test results (high potassium, uric acid and phosphorus levels and low calcium levels in the blood) that can lead to changes in kidney function and acute kidney failure. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check you for TLS
  • Protein in your urine—Your healthcare provider will check you for this problem. If there is too much protein in your urine, your healthcare provider may tell you to stop taking SUTENT
  • Serious skin and mouth reactions—SUTENT can cause serious skin reactions that can cause death. This can include rash, widespread blistering or peeling of the skin and blistering and peeling on the inside of your mouth. If you develop a rash or these skin symptoms, tell your healthcare provider immediately. Your healthcare provider may tell you to stop taking SUTENT
  • Hormone problems, including thyroid and adrenal gland problems—Your healthcare provider may do tests to check your thyroid and adrenal gland function during SUTENT treatment. Tell your doctor if you have any of the following signs and symptoms:
    • Tiredness that worsens and does not go away
    • Fast heart rate
    • Loss of appetite
    • Weight gain or weight loss
    • Heat intolerance
    • Feeling depressed
    • Feeling nervous or agitated, tremors
    • Irregular menstrual periods or no menstrual periods
    • Sweating
    • Headache
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Hair loss
    • Diarrhea

Common side effects of SUTENT include:

  • The medicine in SUTENT is yellow, and it may make your skin look yellow. Your skin and hair may get lighter in color
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Fever
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms, including diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, mouth sores, upset stomach, abdominal pain, and constipation. Talk with your healthcare provider about ways to handle these problems
  • Rash or other skin changes, including drier, thicker, or cracking skin
  • Blisters or a rash on the palms of your hands and soles of your feet
  • Taste changes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain or swelling in your arms or legs
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bleeding, such as nosebleeds or bleeding from cuts

Call your healthcare provider if you have any swelling or bleeding during treatment with SUTENT.

INDICATIONS

SUTENT is used to treat advanced kidney cancer (advanced renal cell carcinoma or RCC).

*SUTENT is used to treat GIST (gastrointestinal stromal tumor). This is a rare cancer of the stomach, bowel, or esophagus. SUTENT is used when the medicine Gleevec® (imatinib mesylate) did not stop the cancer from growing, or when you cannot take Gleevec.

SUTENT is used to treat a type of pancreatic cancer known as pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pancreatic NET), that has progressed and cannot be treated with surgery.

Gleevec is a registered trademark of Novartis AG.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit http://www.fda.gov/medwatch, or
call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Please see patient Medication Guide and full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning regarding serious liver problems.